Dark Eye Circles
Common misconceptions about dark eye circles are that they are always a result of poor sleep, and that they can be improved with eye creams alone. Unfortunately, the cause and solution tend to be far more complex.
The key physiological factors behind dark eye circles are thinned out skin, increased number or thickness of capillaries, and increased pigmentation in the undereye area. In addition, the presence of eye bags or hollowed tear troughs create a shadowing effect which gives the appearance of dark eye circles. These factors are in turn affected by both genetic and external variables. For example, stress, poor sleep, hormone changes and rhinitis worsen blood vessel congestion in the undereye. Poor lifestyle habits like smoking and excessive sun exposure can lead to accelerated collagen loss and pigment formation, thus worsening dark eye circles.
Needless to say, identifying the correct cause/s of your dark eye circles is essential to successful treatment outcome. Your doctor will be able to advise you on the best course of action after a thorough consultation, where various contributive factors will be explored and discussed in detail. Your expectations, lifestyle, pain tolerance and budget will also be taken into consideration when deciding on an appropriate treatment plan.
A customized skincare range will be prescribed to boost collagen production and lighten pigmentation in the undereye area. Broad spectrum sunscreen is essential not just on the face but around the eyes as well.
Oral Glutathione supplements help to lighten dark eye circles that are mainly contributed by hyperpigmentation since they block the melanin formation pathway. Oral Sunblock supplements help to prevent pigment formation and reduce collagen loss from UV damage.
Spectra XT and PicoPlus lasers work by reducing hyperpigmentation under the eyes. They also stimulate collagen production which helps thicken the superficial skin layer. Vascular lasers like the Dual Yellow and Clarity II brighten up the under-eye area by contracting dilated blood vessels beneath the skin which contributes to a blue-black appearance.
Rejuran is an excellent treatment for improving undereye skin thickness and quality, masking the appearance of blood vessels under the eye. Filler injections improve hollowness in the tear trough area. This is useful in lightening dark eye circles caused by a shadowing effect. Fillers also stimulate collagen production, thus improving skin thickness in the undereye region.
Eye Bags & Droopy Lids
Eye bags usually first appear in our 30s and gradually worsen as we age, although they can occur from an early age due to variations in facial anatomy. True eye bags are caused by a combination of undereye skin and muscle laxity, bulging of orbital fats, as well as sagging of the cheeks. Puffy eyes (caused by allergies, water retention etc.) and the presence of enlarged undereye muscles (pre-tarsal orbicularis) can sometimes be confused with eye bags.
Droopy upper eyelids inevitably appear as we grow older due to collagen loss from aging and cumulative UV exposure. Poor lifestyle habits (e.g., smoking, stress) accelerate this process. Together with eye bags and dark eye rings, droopy eyelids make us look old and haggard, which can be frustrating to many.
Skin around our eyes is the thinnest on our entire body. It is therefore most vulnerable to aging, especially with the repetitive stress of constant eye movements like blinking and squinting. Signs of aging first starts around the eyes for many, so start preventative treatments early if you want to avoid looking older than your actual age. As usual, combinative treatments are highly encouraged for their synergistic benefits.
Skincare rich in anti-aging ingredients encourage collagen production while slowing collagen loss in skin around the eyes. Sunscreen application on the upper lids is an often neglected yet essential step of your skincare regime, as it cuts down on UV-induced collagen breakdown.
Collagen Supplements provide your body with the building blocks it needs to produce new collagen and elastin around the eyes. Oral Sunblock supplements provide additional protection from UV damage, which in turn helps to keep skin around the eyes supple.
Ultherapy, Ultraformer III and Sofwave help tighten loose skin under the eyes and lift the cheeks. This improves support for protruding orbital fats and reduces the tear trough deformity that contributes to eye bag formation. Treatment can also be applied to skin over the brow bone, so as to improve hooding of the upper eyelids.
BTX injections give a temporary brow lift, which makes the eyes look wider and less tired. Overprominent pre-tarsal eye muscles that give the appearance of pseudo eye bags can be minimized with BTX injections. Filler injections to the tear trough deformity and mid-cheek help mask the appearance of eyebags.